OPT (Optional Practical Training)

I-765 Student OPT Categories

(c)(3)(A) – Pre-Completion

(c)(3)(B) – Post-Completion

(c)(3)(C) – Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics (STEM)

(c)(6) – M-1 Post-Completion Practical Training

(Reference 12: Classes of aliens authorized to accept employment8 CFR 274a.12)

One Full Academic Year

To be eligible for OPT, an F student must have been taking a full-course of study for one full academic year in the United States

F students requesting optional practical training can submit their applications up to 90 days prior to completing “one full academic year” as long as the requested

optional practical training (OPT) period does not begin until the full academic year is completed

The academic year must be completed by the time the authorization begins

Directly Related to the Students Major Area of Study

OPT employment (both pre-completion and post-completion) must be directly related to the student’s major field of study.

 (c)(3)(A) – Pre-Completion OPT

Includes an F-1 student who is seeking employment for the purpose of OPT prior to completion of studies.

OPT can be either part-time or full-time.

NOTE: Pre-completion OPT cannot be full time while school is in session (20 hours per week only).

Students are eligible for a maximum of one full year of full-time OPT at each higher level of education.

Can be in a combination of pre-completion and post- completion.

Documentation Requirements

 Evidence of F-1 status.

 A SEVIS Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status (Form I-20).

 The SEVIS I-20 must contain a barcode, “N” number, DSO recommendation, and must be signed by the DSO and applicant.

 The student’s status in the SEVIS system must show as “Active”

Validity Period

Date of adjudication or the start date recommended by the DSO, whichever is later, to: The end date recommended by the DSO;

The end date of studies; or, 12 months, whichever is earlier.

The pre-completion OPT ending validity date may be the same as the end of studies date. The end date cannot extend beyond the end of studies date as indicated on the I-20.

Full-time/Part-time Pre-completion OPT

Part-time pre-completion OPT may be authorized at all levels of education.

Part-time pre-completion OPT is limited to no more than twenty hours a week when school is in session.

Full-time pre-completion OPT may be authorized during holidays or school vacation.

(c)(3)(B) – Post-Completion OPT

Includes an F-1 student who is seeking employment for the purpose of optional practical training after completion of studies (while completing a thesis dissertation or equivalent) or after graduation

Documentation Requirements

Evidence of F-1 status

A SEVIS Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status (Form I-20)

The SEVIS I-20 must contain a barcode, “N” number, DSO recommendation, and must be signed by the DSO and applicant

The student’s status in the SEVIS system must show as “Active”

The student must:

Properly file his/her Form I-765 up to 90 days prior to the program end-date and no later than 60 days after his/her program end-date

File the Form I-765 with USCIS within 30 days of the date the DSO enters the recommendation for OPT into his/her SEVIS record

8 CFR 214.2 (f)(11)(i)(B)(2)

Validity Period

From the date of adjudication or the start date recommended by the DSO, whichever is later, to:  The end date recommended by the DSO, or 12 months, or; 14 months from completion of studies, whichever is earlier

 (c)(3)(C) – STEM

8 CFR 274a.12(c)(3)(C) includes an F-1 student who is seeking a 17 month extension of his/her post-completion (c)(3)(B) OPT based on a STEM degree

Timely Filing

The (c)(3)(C) application must be received prior to the expiration date of the prior post-completion EAD

The filing must contain a SEVIS Form I-20 with a STEM extension recommendation from the DSO, or the adjudicating officer must be able to locate one in SEVIS


 The name of the employer must be annotated in Block 17 of the application along with the company identification number (e-verify number)

Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Code

The Form I-20 must contain a CIP code listed in the current STEM designated Degree Program List

The degree must be at the Bachelor level, or above

There must be evidence in the record that the student has actually received the degree

Validity Dates

The validity dates will begin the day after the prior post- completion OPT expires and end 17 months later (minus a day), as indicated in the recommendation

 (c)(6) – M-1 Post-Completion Practical Training

8 CFR 274a.12(c)(6) includes an M-1 student seeking employment for practical training following completion of studies

An M-1 is not eligible for pre-completion OPT

Temporary Employment for Practical Training

An M-1 student may not accept employment until practical training is authorized

Temporary employment for practical training may be authorized only after completion of the student’s course of study

The proposed employment is recommended for the purpose of practical training;

The proposed employment is related to the student’s course of study; and,

Employment comparable to the proposed employment is not available to the student in the country of the student’s foreign residence (DSO belief)

Documentation Requirements

SEVIS Form I-20 endorsed by the DSO

Evidence that the practical training will be in an occupation directly related to the course of study indicated on the I-20

Evidence of maintenance of M-1 status through the requested OPT period

Validity Period

From the date of adjudication or the start date recommended by the DSO, whichever is later, to:

The end date recommended by the DSO,

6 months from the date of completion of studies, or 1 month for each 4 months of completed full-time studies, whichever is earlier

OPT cannot be granted if it will not be completed within 3 years of the applicants initial program start date.

Students may only be in M-1 status for a maximum of 3 years to include any OPT time.

Helpful filing tips:

 Tip #1

If a student plans to move, he/she should use the Designated School Official’s (DSO) address on the application

The DSO C/O information will be entered into the applicable USCIS system by the officer at the time of adjudication

Tip #2

Students can submit a signature card with their Form I- 765 applications to prevent smearing their names or writing outside the small signature area

NOTE: USCIS has considered revising the Form I-765; however, form revisions have been delayed due to the deployment of USCIS ELIS

Tip #3

Submit the following:

A Form I-765 signed in the original

Electronic signature for e-filed application

Passport photos

Will be scheduled for ASC biometrics appointment for e-filed application

A copy of prior EAD, if applicable

An I-20 containing the OPT recommendation

Copies of all prior I-20s especially if they have different N numbers or if they have received prior CPT or OPT

A copy of the degree conferred or a transcript showing the degree confirmed for STEM cases

Tip #4

M-1 students must apply before completion of studies, provided the employment period does not begin until after all courses of study are completed

The I-765 cannot be filed more than 90 days prior to the completion of studies

Mail the Form I-539 and Form I-765 together and in the same envelope. The two applications should be sent to the same center and team for adjudication.

Client Reviews

They handled our immigration case professionally, and got us through everything. I Highly recommend because I don’t think they’ll be this affordable for so long. Great people too!
Temi Adebayo
Temi Adebayo
19:27 10 Jun 18
Mr. John, Mr. Marc and this firm have been helping me with my immigration needs for the past 12 years. All the time, they have shown very professionalism in handling my filings with USCIS.Their level of service is unmatchable. And, moreover their services are very affordable. They always listened very patiently and answered all my questions and provided the best advice. While filing the papers, they take utmost care to make sure all the information is accurate. I strongly recommend their services.
Db Prakash
Db Prakash
03:26 03 Jun 18
John Dorer at Taylor and Associates provided great service and efficiently helped me accomplish a very challenging legal task. John Dorer's help was terrific! Great job!
Chris Marcell
Chris Marcell
13:03 28 May 18
We hired Marc and John and worked with them for nearly a year and half. They were always patient and extremely helpful at every turn of event. It was a very positive experience working with them.
Wu Jonathan
Wu Jonathan
04:21 15 May 18
Reliable, economical, impeccable work and really fast. They know their work and would ensure every line is true to your details. Will be using their services again and highly recommended!
Geet Divekar
Geet Divekar
00:04 04 May 18
It has been an absolute pleasure working with John and Marc. They have helped and assisted throughout the last 15 years with every single of my work related petition and finally my Green card. Filing petitions with USCIS can be a daunting task but Marc and John have the experience and expertise in filing and assisting employers with several Non Immigrant petitions. I have refereed several of my friends and will continue to do so. Finally, I have three words for this firm. Professional, Efficient and Affordable. The 5 star rating should speak for itself!!
Sushil Pallemoni
Sushil Pallemoni
20:32 02 Apr 18
This is a top notch Green card services Attorney, right from day one i was told correctly in detailed instruction what to do, Online Document upload and constant contact with John Dorer made it a breeze. They are strict discipline guys and expect all the communication and process to be so, so it might feel like they are rude at first, but believe me they are the best and them being strict helps in long run. Documentation to Interview dates, i had to change the address last minute and John made sure that it was done in time even though my application was already out of their office , the recalled and made a correction for me. Take their services, they are top notch in process and will make your life super simple, my MGC application was submitted on 3 Dec 17 and i had a GC in hand by March 18 , Cannot thank them enough for a every step guidance for GC. Thanks Taylor & Associates
Sanjeev Tyagi
Sanjeev Tyagi
05:13 01 Apr 18
I am very thankful to John Dorer, Marc Taylor and the TNA staff for the services provided during my Green Card process from Day 1 to finish. I couldn't ask for more. The lawyer's fee are very reasonable and affordable. They deserve a 5 -star rating and I will absolutely recommend this firm to everyone I know.
Romeo Ranera
Romeo Ranera
15:09 29 Mar 18
Absolute top notch firm for any and all immigration assistance. They assisted me in obtaining my permanent residency and through it all were right there to assist with trouble shooting and complications. Any and all questions were always answered within hours and you’re never left to feel anything less than a top priority as a client. The friendliness and professionalism with which they operate is A1 and I wouldn’t have been able to navigate the complications of USCIS without Marc and John. Highly recommend anyone seeking assistance to contact them!
Vanessa Nolan
Vanessa Nolan
21:05 21 Mar 18
I was very pleased with their professional service from the beginning to the end for my citizenship application. I am a professional working in the higher education and somewhat familiar with the immigration process. For that reason, I was thinking of applying it by myself but I found Taylor and Associates whose service fee is very affordable and worth of my time. Indeed, they found some of minor mistakes in my application, which could have delayed much longer for my application process. Luckily, they caught and fixed them immediately. Their communication was excellent. In fact, everything was very smooth. Even after I had the approval notice, they followed up with valuable advices. I strongly recommend their service if you need immigration services. Thank you Marc and John for your excellent services.
Dominic Choo
Dominic Choo
17:12 23 Dec 17
my wife and i worked with John Dorer from Marc Taylors Associates. He's services were awesome and amazing. i would recommend him to anybody applying for their permanent resident to work with them.
Seun Olanrewaju
Seun Olanrewaju
15:33 22 Dec 17
Used the services of this office for Green Card through AOS and was mainly in contact with John Dorer. I was unsure about their services at first, considering the unusually affordable cost but was pleasantly surprised by their prompt responses to all our questions and their timely preparing and handling of our documents! Will be using their services again when filing for removal of condition! Definitely recommended!
Lisa Lorentzon
Lisa Lorentzon
22:56 10 Dec 17
Marc and John helped me apply and get my green card. They are very specific about needed documents and other details. Also, they are very responsive when you have a question. I know I emailed them several times just to ask questions that I could have found answers online myself. They are very patient and professional. If you want to get great services with reasonable fees contact them!
Amin Bagheri
Amin Bagheri
11:54 12 Oct 17
My husband and I worked with John Dorer from Marc Taylor's office, and his services exceeded our expectations. He was very knowledgeable, responsive, and our Green Card process and interview from start to finish went smoothly. Thank you so much, John, for your dedication to our case and all your help. I would highly recommend USAVISANOW to all!
Sophia Nguyen
Sophia Nguyen
17:26 09 Oct 17
The best law agency I have ever worked with. Very responsive, experienced. I trusted my green process to them and it was done perfectly without and issues in minimum possible period. Thank You Very much Marc, John and others!!!
Hrach Gyulzadyan
Hrach Gyulzadyan
16:38 30 Sep 17
USVISANOW streamlined the paperwork which saved us so much time. This also reduced the stress involved in filling out the paperwork. They also are very understanding and respond very quickly to questions and emails. Jackline is now a US citizen which took less than 5 months. Thank you Mr. Taylor and your team. From Brian and Jacky.
Jackline Osero
Jackline Osero
17:32 12 Sep 17
Mark and team went above all my expectations of an 'online' service agency I went in with very low expectations to match the low cost of the service and was amazed that the experience was no different than going through an expensive attorney. They were very prompt on responses, very patient and also very knowledgeable on every facet of the application (including a follow up checklist). I would highly recommend them considering the low cost they charge and the high risk we take by doing this ourselves
First Dhalsite
First Dhalsite
22:27 01 Sep 17
I am US citizen. We hired Marc's firm for my wife's Green Card process, We are extremely happy with their services.They are one of the best service providers in the country. Price is very affordable. John is awesome. He responded to our queries on time with very useful information. We highly recommend this firm to anybody looking for affordable and the best immigration services. it was an awesome experience working with this team.
Narsimha M
Narsimha M
13:57 04 Aug 17
At first I thought I could have very well gone through the green card application process on my own and saved all lawyer fees. Its funny how some lawyers can charge in excess of 2K for this. However at Taylor and Associates the price seemed more reasonable and felt it made sense to go with one at that price. There were some doubts that arose in our mind which they cleared in a timely manner and seemed very knowledgeable in this area. Its for moments like these when having a professional around helps. While we can get busy with our lives and with laws constantly changing, I would definitely recommend them - a small price to pay for peace of mind.
Callistus Pereira
Callistus Pereira
17:51 06 Jun 17
I've had the pleasure of conducting business with this law firm for the last 10 years. They have been nothing but the best for every aspect of immigration need I had. From F1 all the way to citizenship. They're probably the most affordable, knowledgeable, and most efficient immigration law firm out there. Plus, they always provide responses to questions in a very timely manner. Trust me, other immigration law firms will cost you an arm and a leg for the same or less of a service compared to this law firm. Give them a call, check out their website. You will not regret it.
Andy Glasgow
Andy Glasgow
17:26 27 Mar 17
Because of John and his team my wife and I were able to travel back to the states, get married and have a Green Card without any headaches. John’s efforts were amazing and it shows because my wife and I didn’t have to go to the Green card interview. We had a strong enough case to receive the Green card in the mail. If you’re seeking a Lawyer that will be impartial, he’s your guy.
19:18 23 Feb 17
Marc and John Dorer worked on our case to file for AOS after our L1A was approved.Marc and John are professionals and extremely reasonable-priced. The reason they are able to cut the price is because they don't spend time consulting you or guiding you and will never get on call.All communications are email only, so if you know precisely what you want they will do all the paper-work, follow the trail and get the job done. If you are confused and need advice and consulting, they may not be the right lawyers.But since we were doing our AOS, it worked out perfectly well and they did their job extremely professionally.Would recommend them every time to get the work done.
hardik parikh
hardik parikh
01:58 08 Feb 17
Me & husband went through immigration process which thankfully was made easy with the help and services of Marc Tyler Inc. Our direct contact was John which i want to personally say Thank You ! The service provided was efficient, fast, affordable prompt answers in a timely fashion. I would recommend Marc Tyler Inc to anyone who need immigration done fast, easy, friendly & with no hidden charges.
Aleksandra Stoycheva
Aleksandra Stoycheva
15:27 26 Jan 17
I could not have asked for better service. I will definitely be coming back to get the green card process done. The fees are extremely reasonable and they stick with their clients the entire way. I had so many questions during this process, and each one of them were answered very quickly and with out most professionalism. This firm is a pleasure to work with and I highly recommend them to anyone.
bryan mowrey
bryan mowrey
06:41 25 Nov 16

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