To qualify for 2nd Preference, applicants must have PERM cases filed for occupations classified as Zone 4 or Zone 5 on the O*Net.
Zone four allows 2-4 years of Specific Vocational Training. This means, that if you require a Master’s Degree, and the occupation corresponds to Zone 4, you can not require any experience in the job offer without exceeding SVP. If you exceed SVP, you will be automatically audited and will need to prove business necessity.
Zone 5 allows up to to 10 years SVP, which means that the job opportunity can require a graduate level degree plus years of experience.
Many job zone 5 positions are teachers and scientists, but there are business related positions, such as:
25-9011.00 – Audio-Visual Collections Specialists
11-1011.00 – Chief Executives
19-3011.00 – Economists
15-1011.00 – Computer and Information Scientists, Research
11-9041.00 – Engineering Managers
15-2031.00 – Operations Research Analysts
15-2041.00 – Statisticians
11-3031.01 – Treasurers and Controllers
25-1041.00 – Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in the agricultural sciences. Includes teachers of agronomy, dairy sciences, fisheries management, horticultural sciences, poultry sciences, range management, and agricultural soil conservation
Related job titles: Professor, Instructor, Agriculture Professor, Animal Science Professor, Agriculture Instructor, Horticulture Professor, Horticulture Instructor, Extension Specialist, Agricultural Economics Professor, Agronomy Professor.
19-1011.00 – Animal Scientists
Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.
Related job titles: Animal Nutritionist, Animal Scientist, Beef Cattle Specialist, Research and Development Director, Animal Management Systems Specialist, Animal Nutrition Consultant, Animal Science Section Leader, Beef Cattle Nutritionist, Beef Technical Services Manager, Dairy Consultant.
19-3091.01 – Anthropologists
Research, evaluate, and establish public policy concerning the origins of humans; their physical, social, linguistic, and cultural development; and their behavior, as well as the cultures, organizations, and institutions they have created.
Related job titles: American Indian Policy Specialist, Anthropology Instructor, Applied Anthropologist, Behavioral Scientist, Medical Anthropology Director, Principal Investigator, Program Review Director, Research Anthropologist, Research Director, Research Fellow.
25-1061.00 – Anthropology and Archeology Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in anthropology or archeology.
Related job titles: Professor, Anthropology Professor, Lecturer, Cultural Anthropology Professor, Archaeology Professor, Instructor, Near Eastern Archaeology, Lecturer
17-1011.00 – Architects, Except Landscape and Naval
Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.
Related job titles: Project Architect, Project Manager, Principal, Design Architect
25-1031.00 – Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in architecture and architectural design, such as architectural environmental design, interior architecture/design, and landscape architecture.
Related job titles: Professor, Architecture Professor, Instructor, Interior Design Professor, Faculty Member, Lecturer, Professor of Practice, Building Construction Professor
25-1062.00 – Area, Ethnic, and Cultural Studies Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses pertaining to the culture and development of an area (e.g., Latin America), an ethnic group, or any other group (e.g., women’s studies, urban affairs).
Related job titles: Professor, Women’s Studies Professor, American Studies Professor, Black Studies Professor, Ethnic Studies Professor, Lecturer, Modern Greek Studies Professor, Africana Studies Professor, Classics Professor, Latin American Studies Director
25-1121.00 – Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts.
Related job titles: Professor, Music Professor, Art Professor, Theatre Professor, Art History Professor, Dance Professor, Graphic Design Professor, Voice Professor, Art Education Professor, Drama Professor
19-2011.00 – Astronomers
Observe, research, and interpret celestial and astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge and apply such information to practical problems.
Related job titles: Astronomer, Research Scientist, Astrophysicist, Lunar and Planetary Institute Director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory Director, Observatory Director, Space Sciences Director.
29-9091.00 – Athletic Trainers
Evaluate, advise, and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury, avoid injury, or maintain peak physical fitness.
Related job titles: Athletic Trainer, Certified Athletic Trainer, Athletic Instructor, Clinical Instructor, Resident Athletic Trainer
25-1051.00 – Atmospheric, Earth, Marine, and Space Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in the physical sciences, except chemistry and physics.
Related job titles: Professor, Geology Professor, Atmospheric Sciences Professor, Research Professor, Oceanic Sciences Professor, Earth Science Professor, Geophysics Professor, Instructor, Meteorology Professor, Oceanography Professor.
25-9011.00 – Audio-Visual Collections Specialists
Prepare, plan, and operate audio-visual teaching aids for use in education. May record, catalogue, and file audio-visual materials.
Related job titles: Audio Visual Technician, Audio Visual Specialist, Media Specialist, Library Media Specialist, Multimedia Services Coordinator, Audio Visual Coordinator, Audio Visual Secretary, Instructional Services Specialist, Media Technician, Television Technician
29-1121.00 – Audiologists
Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.
Related job titles: Audiologist, Clinical Audiologist, Audiology Doctor (AUD), Dispensing Audiologist, Audiology Director, Certificate of Clinical Competence in Audiology Licensed Audiologist (CCC-A Licensed Audiologist), Clinical Director, Educational Audiologist, Hearing Instrument Specialist, Pediatric Audiologist.
19-1021.00 – Biochemists and Biophysicists
Study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.
Related job titles: Scientist, Research Scientist, Research Associate, Research Assistant, Analytical Research Chemist, Laboratory Director, Process Engineer, Research Affiliate, Research Chemist.
25-1042.00 – Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in biological sciences.
Related job titles: Biology Professor, Professor, Biology Instructor, Biological Sciences Professor, Instructor, Anatomy and Physiology Instructor, Lecturer, Microbiology Professor, Anatomy Professor, Biochemistry Professor.
19-1020.01 – Biologists
Research or study basic principles of plant and animal life, such as origin, relationship, development, anatomy, and functions.
Related job titles: Scientist, Environmental Analyst, Biologist, Environmental Specialist, Fisheries Biologist, Research Scientist, Aquatic Scientist, Marine Biologist, Environmental Scientist, Fish Culture Supervisor
25-1011.00 – Business Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in business administration and management, such as accounting, finance, human resources, labor relations, marketing, and operations research.
Related job titles: Professor, Instructor, Business Professor, Business Instructor, Business Administration Professor, Management Professor, Faculty Member, Business Office Technology Instructor, Marketing Instructor, Marketing Professor
25-1052.00 – Chemistry Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Work may include instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.
Related job titles: Chemistry Professor, Professor, Chemistry Instructor, Instructor, Chemistry Faculty Member, Chemistry Lecturer, Natural Sciences Professor, Organic Chemistry Professor, Science Professor
11-1011.00 – Chief Executives
Determine and formulate policies and provide the overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within the guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers.
Related job titles: Chief Executive Officer (CEO), President, Chief Financial Officer (CFO), Vice President, Chief Operating Officer (COO), Executive Director, Executive Vice President (EVP), Finance Vice President, General Manager, Operations Vice President
21-1021.00 – Child, Family, and School Social Workers
Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family well-being and the academic functioning of children. May assist single parents, arrange adoptions, and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. In schools, they address such problems as teenage pregnancy, misbehavior, and truancy. May also advise teachers on how to deal with problem children.
Related job titles: Case Manager, Foster Care Social Worker, Caseworker, Child Protective Services Specialist, Family Manager, Family Preservation Caseworker, Family Service Caseworker
29-1011.00 – Chiropractors
Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patient to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May utilize supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy.
Related job titles: Chiropractor, Chiropractic Doctor (DC), Chiropractic Physician, Doctor of Chiropractic, Chiropractic Neurologist, Physician
21-2011.00 – Clergy
Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members.
Related job titles: Pastor, Confessor, Minister, Catholic Priest, Priest, Rector, Children’s Minister, Children’s Pastor, College Chaplain, Evangelism Pastor
19-3031.02 – Clinical Psychologists
Diagnose or evaluate mental and emotional disorders of individuals through observation, interview, and psychological tests, and formulate and administer programs of treatment.
Related job titles: Psychologist, Clinical Psychologist, Forensic Psychologist, Child Psychologist, Clinical Therapist, Out-Patient Therapist, Pediatric Psychologist, Behavioral Psychologist, Eating Disorder Specialist, Neuropsychologist
27-2022.00 – Coaches and Scouts
Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes’ strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes’ technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category.
Related job titles: Coach, Basketball Coach, Football Coach, Cross Country/Track and Field Coach, Volleyball Coach, Baseball Coach, Director of Athletics, Swim Coach, Golf Coach, Tennis Coach
25-1122.00 – Communications Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in communications, such as organizational communications, public relations, radio/television broadcasting, and journalism.
Related job titles: Professor, Communication Professor, Instructor, Communication Instructor, Speech Professor, Speech Instructor, Mass Communications Professor, Communication Lecturer, Communication Skills Instructor, Communication Studies Professor
15-1011.00 – Computer and Information Scientists, Research
Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.
Related job titles: Computer Scientist, Control System Computer Scientist, Scientific Programmer Analyst
25-1021.00 – Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in computer science. May specialize in a field of computer science, such as the design and function of computers or operations and research analysis.
Related job titles: Professor, Instructor, Computer Science Professor, Computer Information Systems Instructor (CIS Instructor), Information Technology Instructor (IT Instructor), Computer Science Instructor, Faculty Member, Computer Instructor, Computer Technology Instructor, Lecturer
13-1041.06 – Coroners
Direct activities such as autopsies, pathological and toxicological analyses, and inquests elating to the investigation of deaths occurring within a legal jurisdiction to determine cause of death or to fix responsibility for accidental, violent, or unexplained deaths.
Related job titles: Medical Examiner, Coroner, Deputy Coroner, Forensic Pathologist, Medical Legal Investigator (MLI)
19-3031.03 – Counseling Psychologists
Assess and evaluate individuals’ problems through the use of case history, interview, and observation and provide individual or group counseling services to assist individuals in achieving more effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development and adjustment.
Related job titles: Psychologist, Counselor, Psychotherapist, Chemical Dependency Therapist, Counseling Services Director, Applied Behavior Science Specialist (ABSS), Therapist, Clinical Counselor, College Counselor, Counseling Psychologist
25-1111.00 – Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in criminal justice, corrections, and law enforcement administration.
Related job titles: Professor, Criminal Justice Professor, Sociology Professor, Instructor, Justice Professor, Law Professor, Faculty Member
29-1021.00 – Dentists, General
Diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting vitality of teeth.
Related job titles: Dentist, General Dentist, Dental Surgery Doctor (DDS), Dental Medicine Doctor (DMD)
29-1031.00 – Dietitians and Nutritionists
Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.
Related job titles: Clinical Dietitian, Clinical Dietician, Dietitian, Correctional Food Service Supervisor, Dietary Manager, Nutritionist, Outpatient Dietitian, Pediatric Clinical Dietician, Registered Dietician, Registered Dietitian
25-1063.00 – Economics Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in economics.
Related job titles: Economics Professor, Professor, Instructor, Economics Instructor, Finance Professor, Faculty Member, Teacher, Entrepreneurial Finance Professor.
19-3011.00 – Economists
Conduct research, prepare reports, or formulate plans to aid in solution of economic problems arising from production and distribution of goods and services. May collect and process economic and statistical data using econometric and sampling techniques.
Related job titles: Economist, Economic Analyst, Economic Consultant, Project Economist, Forensic Economist, Health Researcher, Research Analyst, Economic Analysis Director, Economic Development Specialist, Revenue Research Analyst
11-9032.00 – Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School
Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, clerical, or auxiliary activities of public or private elementary or secondary level schools.
Related job titles: Principal, Assistant Principal, Superintendent, Middle
School Principal, High School Principal, Elementary Principal, School Superintendent, School Administrator, Athletic Director, Special Education Director
11-9033.00 – Education Administrators, Postsecondary
Plan, direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration and services, and other educational activities at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.
Related job titles: Dean, Registrar, Academic Dean, Academic Affairs Vice
President, College President, Provost, Admissions Director, Dean of Students, Financial Aid Director, Academic Affairs Dean
25-1081.00 – Education Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language.
Related job titles: Professor, Education Professor, Instructor, Faculty
Member, Special Education Professor, Field Placement Director, Counselor Education Professor, Field Coordinator, Lecturer, Student Teaching Coordinator
21-1012.00 – Educational, Vocational, and School Counselors
Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.
Related job titles: Counselor, Guidance Counselor, School Counselor,
Academic Advisor, Career Counselor, Career Services Director, College Counselor, Advisor, Academic Counselor, Career Center Director
11-9041.00 – Engineering Managers
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields.
Related job titles: Engineering Manager, Project Engineer, Project
Engineering Manager, Project Manager, Director of Engineering, Chief Engineer, Civil Engineering Manager, Principal Engineer, Process Engineering Manager, Supervisory Civil Engineer
25-1032.00 – Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses pertaining to the application of physical laws and principles of engineering for the development of machines, materials, instruments, processes, and services. Includes teachers of subjects, such as chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, mineral, and petroleum engineering. Includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.
Related job titles: Professor, Instructor, Electrical Engineering Professor,
Engineering Instructor, Mechanical Engineering Professor, Chemical Engineering Professor, Engineering Professor, Research Professor, Industrial Engineering Professor, Biomedical Engineering Professor
25-1123.00 – English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature.
Related job titles: English Professor, English Instructor, Professor, Instructor, General Education Instructor, Humanities Professor, English Teacher, Composition Instructor, Creative Writing Professor, ESL (English as a Second Language) Instructor
25-1053.00 – Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in environmental science.
Related job titles: Professor, Environmental Sciences Professor, Faculty Member, Lecturer, Environmental Studies Professor, Biological, Geological, and Environmental Sciences Professor, Earth Sciences Professor, Environmental Engineering Professor, Environmental Science Research Center Director, Environmental Technology Professor
19-1041.00 – Epidemiologists
Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.
Related job titles: Epidemiologist, Nurse Epidemiologist, Infection Control
Practitioner (ICP), Epidemiology Investigator, Research Epidemiologist, Chronic Disease Epidemiologist, Communicable Disease Specialist, Epidemiologist Advanced, State Epidemiologist, Environmental Epidemiologist
29-1062.00 – Family and General Practitioners
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases and injuries that commonly occur in the general population.
Related job titles: Physician, Family Practice Physician, Medical Doctor
(MD), Family Physician, Family Practitioner, Medical Staff Physician, Board Certified Family Physician, Family Medicine Physician, Family Practice Medical Doctor (FP MD), Occupational Medicine Physician
25-9021.00 – Farm and Home Management Advisors
Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agriculturalrelated processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; instruct and train in product development, sales, and the utilization of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. Includes county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisers, home economists, and extension service advisors.
Related job titles:
Extension Agent, Agricultural Extension Educator, Extension Educator, Family and Consumer Sciences Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development Specialist, Family Development Extension Specialist, Family Life Field Specialist, Family Resource Management Extension Specialist, Farm Business Management Agent, Farm Management Specialist
19-1012.00 – Food Scientists and Technologists
Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to
determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.
Related job titles:
Food Technologist, Food Scientist, Quality Assurance Manager (QA Manager), Product Development Manager, Research and Development
Director (R & D Director), Research and Development Manager (R & D Manager), Research Scientist, Product Development Scientist, Technical Director, Compliance Coordinator
25-1124.00 – Foreign Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in foreign (i.e., other than English) languages and literature.
Related job titles:
Professor, Spanish Professor, French Professor, Spanish
Instructor, English Professor, German Professor, Modern Languages Professor, Instructor, Foreign Languages Professor, Foreign Language Instructor
25-1043.00 – Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in environmental and conservation science.
Related job titles: Professor, Forestry Professor, Extension Professor,
Forestry Extension Specialist, Research Professor, Forest Technology Professor, Forest Biometrics Professor, Forestry Instructor, Natural Resources Professor, Wildlife Ecology Professor
19-3092.00 – Geographers
Study nature and use of areas of earth’s surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.
Related job titles: Geographic Information Systems Analyst (GIS Analyst),
Geographic Information Systems Program Director (GIS Program Director), Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA), Environmental Affairs Corporate Director, Environmental Scientist, GIS Geographer (Geographic Information Systems Geographer), GIS Physical Scientist (Geographic Information Systems Physical Scientist), Research Coordinator, Scientist
25-1064.00 – Geography Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in geography.
Related job titles: Professor, Geography Professor, Geography Instructor,
Instructor, Lecturer, GIS Instructor (Geographic Information Systems Instructor)
25-1191.00 – Graduate Teaching Assistants
Assist department chairperson, faculty members, or other professional staff members in college or university by performing teaching or teaching-related duties, such as teaching lower level courses, developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers. Graduate assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Graduate assistants who primarily perform non-teaching duties, such as laboratory research, should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed.
Related job titles: Graduate Teaching Assistant (GTA), Teaching Assistant
(TA), Graduate Assistant, Instructor, Graduate Fellow, Graduate Research Assistant, Research Assistant (RA), Teaching Fellow, Graduate Student Instructor (GSI)
25-1071.00 – Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in health specialties, such as veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, therapy, laboratory technology, and public health.
Related job titles: Professor, Clinical Professor, Physical Therapy Professor,
Occupational Therapy Professor, Clinical Education Academic Coordinator, Instructor, Clinical Sciences Professor, Faculty Member, Pharmacology Professor, Public Health Professor
19-3093.00 – Historians
Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters.
Related job titles: Archivist, Historian, Professor of History, University
Archivist, Professor, Research Associate, Special Collections Librarian, College Archivist, Director of Education, Director of Programs
25-1125.00 – History Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in human history and historiography.
Related job titles: History Professor, Professor, Instructor, History
Instructor, Social Sciences Instructor, Social Sciences Professor, Political Science Professor, American History Professor, Faculty Member, History Teacher
25-1192.00 – Home Economics Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in child care, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects as pertaining to home management.
Related job titles: Professor, Family and Consumer Sciences Professor
(FACS Professor), Instructor, Food and Nutrition Professor, Dietetics Professor, Didactic Program in Dietetics Program Director (DPD Program Director), Lecturer, Human Development Professor, Merchandising Professor, Faculty Member
19-2043.00 – Hydrologists
Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.
Related job titles: Hydrogeologist, Hydrologist, Environmental Consultant,
Groundwater Consultant, Hydraulic Engineer, Hydrologic Engineer, Water Resources Program Director
19-3032.00 – Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
Apply principles of psychology to personnel, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee screening, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve worker productivity.
Related job titles: Consultant, Industrial/Organizational Psychologist (I/O
Psychologist), Organizational Psychologist, Research Scientist, Consulting Psychologist, Organizational Consultant, Customer Leader, Management Consultant, Industrial Psychologist, Management Psychologist
25-9031.00 – Instructional Coordinators
Develop instructional material, coordinate educational content, and incorporate current technology in specialized fields that provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses.
Related job titles: Instructional Systems Specialist, Curriculum Specialist,
Curriculum Coordinator, Curriculum and Instruction Director, Curriculum Director, School Standards Coach, Career Technical Supervisor, Curriculum and Assessment Director, Curriculum Facilitator, Professional Development Director
29-1063.00 – Internists, General
Diagnose and provide non-surgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs.
Related job titles: Physician, Internist, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Doctor (MD), General Internist, Attending Physician, Gastroenterologist, Clinic MD Associate (Clinic Medical Doctor Associate), Internal Medicine Doctor, Pulmonary Physician
23-1023.00 – Judges, Magistrate Judges, and Magistrates
Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May issue marriage licenses and perform wedding ceremonies.
Related job titles: Judge, District Court Judge, Circuit Court Judge,
Magistrate, Superior Court Judge, County Judge, Court of Appeals Judge, Municipal Court Magistrate, Presiding Judge, Circuit Court Magistrate
25-1112.00 – Law Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in law.
Related job titles: Law Professor, Professor, Clinical Law Professor, Legal
Writing Professor, Faculty Member, Law Instructor, Instructor, Paralegal Instructor
23-1011.00 – Lawyers
Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law.
Related job titles: Attorney, Associate, Lawyer, Associate Attorney, Partner, Assistant Attorney General, Assistant Counsel, Attorney at Law, Assistant Corporation Counsel, City Attorney
25-4021.00 – Librarians
Administer libraries and perform related library services. Work in a variety of settings, including public libraries, schools, colleges and universities, museums, corporations, government agencies, law firms, non-profit organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classifying, circulating, and maintaining library materials; and furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers’
advisory services. May perform in-depth, strategic research, and synthesize, analyze, edit, and filter information. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information.
Related job titles: Librarian, Reference Librarian, Public Services Librarian,
Library Media Specialist, Serials Librarian, Technical Services Librarian, Medical Librarian, Catalog Librarian, Children’s Librarian, Instruction Librarian
25-1082.00 – Library Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses in library science.
Related job titles: Professor, Instructor, Lecturer, Library and Information
Science Professor, Library Science Professor, Library Technology Instructor, Cataloging and Classification Instructor, Faculty Member, Library and Information Technology Instructor
21-1013.00 – Marriage and Family Therapists
Diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of professional services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders.
Related job titles: Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT), Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), Therapist, Psychotherapist, Clinical Services Director, Clinician, Family Therapist, Psychiatric Social Worker, Clinical Therapist, Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW)
19-2032.00 – Materials Scientists
Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and manmade materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications.
Related job titles: Materials Scientist, Research Scientist, Engineer,
Materials Research Engineer, Development Engineer, Product Development Manager, Technology Officer, Textile Technologist, Metallurgical Engineer, Metals Research Engineer
25-1022.00 – Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary
Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations.
Related job titles: Mathematics Professor, Professor, Mathematics
Instructor, Instructor, Math Instructor, Mathematics Lecturer, Math Teacher, Mathematical Sciences Professor, Mathematics Faculty Member, Science Instructor
15-2021.00 – Mathematicians
Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve or direct solutions to problems in various fields by mathematical methods.
Related job titles: Research Scientist, Scientist, Computational Physicist,
Computational Scientist, Cryptographer, Cryptographic Vulnerability Analyst, Emerging Solutions Executive, Image Scientist, Knowledge Engineer, Numerical Analysis Group Manager
11-9111.00 – Medical and Health Services Managers
Plan, direct, or coordinate medicine and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.
Related job titles: Office Manager, Nurse Manager, Health and Social
Service Manager, Program Manager, Clinical Director, Director of Nursing, Medical Records Manager, Mental Health Program Manager, Nutrition Services Manager, Practice Administrator
21-1022.00 – Medical and Public Health Social Workers
Provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer’s, cancer, or AIDS. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making necessary referrals for other social services.
Related job titles: Social Worker, Medical Social Worker, Clinical Social
Worker, Director of Social Services, Social Work Case Manager, Nephrology Social Worker, Oncology Social Worker, Renal Social Worker, Director of Social Work, Psychiatric Social Worker
19-1042.00 – Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, technical writing, or related activities.
Related job titles: Scientist, Investigator, Laboratory Director, Post-Doctoral Fellow, Research Associate, Clinical Laboratory Scientist, Clinical Pharmacologist, Clinical Research Director, Clinical Research Scientist, Medical Affairs Director
21-1023.00 – Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers
Assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs. Activities may include individual and group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, client advocacy, prevention, and education.
Related job titles: Social Worker, Case Manager, Clinical Therapist, Mental
Health Therapist, Psychotherapist, Clinical Social Worker, Community Support Worker, Counselor, Probation Agent, Probation Officer
21-1014.00 – Mental Health Counselors
Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental health. May help individuals deal with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; suicide; stress management; problems with selfesteem; and issues associated with aging and mental and emotional health.
Related job titles: Correctional Counselor, Counselor, Case Manager,
Therapist, Corrections Caseworker, Mental Health Therapist, Clinical Supervisor, Correctional Care and Treatment Worker, Correctional Caseworker, Employee Assistance Program Counselor (EAP Counselor)
19-1022.00 – Microbiologists
Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Includes medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.
Related job titles: Microbiologist, Microbiological Analyst, Clinical
Laboratory Scientist, Bacteriologist, Study Director, Microbiological Laboratory Technician, Microbiology Laboratory Manager, Professor of Microbiology, Quality Control Microbiologist (QC Microbiologist), Clinical Microbiologist